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Moritella profunda sp. nov. and Moritella abyssi sp. nov., two psychropiezophilic organisms isolated from deep Atlantic sediments
Xu, Y.; Nogi, Y.; Kato, C.; Liang, Z.; Rüger, H.-J.; De Kegel, D.; Glansdorff, N. (2003). Moritella profunda sp. nov. and Moritella abyssi sp. nov., two psychropiezophilic organisms isolated from deep Atlantic sediments . Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53: 533-538. dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02228-0
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1466-5026 , more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Xu, Y.
  • Nogi, Y.
  • Kato, C.
  • Liang, Z.
  • Rüger, H.-J.
  • De Kegel, D.
  • Glansdorff, N.

Abstract
    Strains 2674T (=LMG 21259T =JCM 11435T) and 2693T (=LMG 21258T =JCM 11436T) were isolated from Atlantic sediments at a temperature of 2 °C and a depth of 2815 m off the West African coast. Polyphasic evidence indicates that the two strains belong to the genus Moritella and represent distinct species, for which the names Moritella profunda sp. nov. (for strain 2674T) and Moritella abyssi sp. nov. (for strain 2693T) are proposed. The moderate piezophily of the two organisms is intermediate between that of the type species, Moritella marina, which is not piezophilic, and Moritella yayanosii, an obligate piezophile. Both are strict psychrophiles with slightly different cardinal temperatures: at 0·1 MPa, maximal growth rates are observed at 2 °C (M. profunda) and 4 °C (M. abyssi) with maximum temperatures of 12 °C (M. profunda) or 14 °C (M. abyssi). The optimal pressure is lower than that at the site of isolation, and raising the temperature to 10 °C makes the organisms more piezophilic.

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