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Introduction to the assessment - characteristics of the region
Quante, M.; Colijn, F.; Bakker, J.P.; Härdtle, W.; Heinrich, H.; Lefebvre, C.; Nöhren, I.; Olesen, J.E.; Pohlmann, T.; Sterr, H.; Sündermann, J.; Tölle, M.H. (2016). Introduction to the assessment - characteristics of the region, in: Quante, M. et al. (Ed.) North Sea region climate change assessment. Regional Climate Studies, : pp. 1-52. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-3-319-39745-0_1
In: Quante, M.; Colijn, F. (Ed.) (2016). North Sea region climate change assessment. Regional Climate Studies. Springer: Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-39743-6. xlv, 528 pp., more
In: Regional Climate Studies. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 1862-0248; e-ISSN 1865-505X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Quante, M.
  • Colijn, F., more
  • Bakker, J.P., more
  • Härdtle, W.
  • Heinrich, H.
  • Lefebvre, C.
  • Nöhren, I.
  • Olesen, J.E.
  • Pohlmann, T.
  • Sterr, H.
  • Sündermann, J.
  • Tölle, M.H.

Abstract
    This scene-setting chapter provides the basis for the climate change-related assessments presented in later chapters of this book. It opens with an overview of the geography, demography and major human activities of the North Sea and its boundary countries. This is followed by a series of sections describing the geological and climatic evolution of the North Sea basin, the topography and hydrography of the North Sea (i.e. boundary forcing; thermohaline, wind-driven and tidally-driven regimes; and transport processes), and its current atmospheric climate (focussing on circulation, wind, temperature, precipitation, radiation and cloud cover). This physical description is followed by a review of North Sea ecosystems. Marine and coastal ecosystems are addressed in terms of ecological habitats, ecological dynamics, and human-induced stresses representing a threat (i.e. eutrophication, harmful algal blooms, offshore oil and gas, renewable energy, fisheries, contaminants, tourism, ports, non-indigenous species and climate change). Terrestrial coastal range vegetation is addressed in terms of natural vegetation (salt marshes, dunes, moors/bogs, tundra and alpine vegetation, and forests), semi-natural vegetation (heathlands and grasslands), agricultural areas and artificial surfaces.

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