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Socio-economic impacts - coastal protection
Niemeyer, H.D.; Beaufort, G.; Mayerle, R.; Monbaliu, J.; Townsend, I.; Toxvig Madsen, H.; de Vriend, H.; Wurpts, A. (2016). Socio-economic impacts - coastal protection, in: Quante, M. et al. (Ed.) North Sea region climate change assessment. Regional Climate Studies, : pp. 457-474.
In: Quante, M.; Colijn, F. (Ed.) (2016). North Sea region climate change assessment. Regional Climate Studies. Springer: Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-39743-6. xlv, 528 pp., more
In: Regional Climate Studies. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 1862-0248; e-ISSN 1865-505X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Niemeyer, H.D.
  • Beaufort, G.
  • Mayerle, R.
  • Monbaliu, J., more
  • Townsend, I.
  • Toxvig Madsen, H.
  • de Vriend, H.
  • Wurpts, A.

    All North Sea countries are confronted by climate change impacts such as accelerated sea-level rise, increasing storm intensities resulting in as well higher set-up of storm surges as growing wave energy and a follow-up of morphological changes. Thus it is necessary to question the effectiveness of existing coastal protection strategies and to examine alternative strategies for coastal protection under a range of scenarios considered possible. Scenarios of accelerating sea-level rise leading to changes in sea level of up to 1 m or more by 2100 and higher set-up of storm surges with increasing wave energy have been used for planning purposes. Adaptation strategies for future coastal protection have been established in all North Sea countries with vulnerable coasts, observing two propositions: (1) structures are economic to construct in the short term and their dimensions easily adapted in the future to ensure flexibility in responding to the as yet undeterminable climate change impacts and (2) implementation of soft measures being temporarily effective and preventing counteraction to natural trends. The coastal protection strategies differ widely from country to country, not only in respect of distinct geographical boundary conditions but also in terms of the length of the planning period and the amount of regulations. Their further development is indispensable and emphasis must more and more be laid on strategies considering the effects of long-term development of coastal processes for future coastal protection. Filling gaps in knowledge is essential for developing sustainable adaptation strategies.

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