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Characterization of the relationship between polar and lateral flagellar structural genes in the deep-sea bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3
Jian, H.; Wang, H.; Zeng, X.; Xiong, L.; Wang, F.; Xiao, X. (2016). Characterization of the relationship between polar and lateral flagellar structural genes in the deep-sea bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3. NPG Scientific Reports 6(39758): 10 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep39758
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322; e-ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Jian, H.
  • Wang, H.
  • Zeng, X.
  • Xiong, L.
  • Wang, F.
  • Xiao, X.

Abstract
    Bacteria with a dual flagellar system, which consists of a polar flagellum (PF) and several lateral flagella (LF), have been identified in diverse environments. Nevertheless, whether and how these two flagellar systems interact with each other is largely unknown. In the present study, the relationship between the structural genes for the PF and LF of the deep-sea bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3 was investigated by genetic, phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses. The mutation of PF genes induced the expression of LF genes and the production of LF in liquid medium, while the defective LF genes led to a decrease in PF gene transcription. However, the level of PF flagellin remained unchanged in LF gene mutants. Further investigation showed that the flgH2 gene (encoding LF L-ring protein) can compensate for mutations of the flgH1 gene (encoding PF L-ring protein), but this compensation does not occur between the flagellar hook-filament junction proteins (FlgL1, FlgL2). Swarming motility was shown to specifically require LF genes, and PF genes cannot substitute for the LF genes in the lateral flagella synthesis. Considering the importance of flagella-dependent motility for bacterial survival in the abyssal sediment, our study thus provided a better understanding of the adaptation strategy of benthic bacteria.

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