IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research


Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Marine ecosystems
Grassle, J.F. (2013). Marine ecosystems, in: Levin, S.A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. pp. 45-55.
In: Levin, S.A. (Ed.) (2013). Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. 2. Academic Press: [s.l.]. ISBN 9780123847201. 5504 pp., more

Available in  Author 

Author keywords
    Barcoding; Benthic; Coral; Deep sea; Estuary; Eutrophication; Hydrothermal; Invertebrate; Mangrove; OBIS; Overfishing; Pelagic; Seagrass; Seamount; Species

Author  Top 
  • Grassle, J.F.

    Marine ecosystems may be defined as major units of ecological function in the marine environment. Ecosystems are communities of organisms and their physical, chemical, and geological environment – distinct assemblages of species coevolved with a particular environment over long periods of evolutionary history. As units of function, ecosystems have measurable imports and exports of material and energy. In comparison to ecosystems on land, ocean ecosystems have less clearly defined boundaries, a greater variety of major taxonomic divisions of organisms, and a long evolutionary history that preceded colonization of land. As the diversity of life in the oceans is explored, the importance of previously unrecognized aspects of ocean circulation, flux of energy and materials, and bottom characteristics to marine ecosystems are becoming better understood.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Author