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A review of the phylogeny of the Haptophyta
Sáez, A.G.; Probert, I.; Young, J.R.; Bente, E.; Eikrem, W.; Medlin, L.K. (2004). A review of the phylogeny of the Haptophyta, in: Thierstein, H.R. et al. Coccolithophores: from molecular processes to global impact. pp. 251-269.
In: Thierstein, H.R.; Young, J.R. (2004). Coccolithophores: from molecular processes to global impact. Springer: Berlin; Heidelberg. ISBN 3-540-21928-5. xiii, 565 pp., more

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  • Sáez, A.G.
  • Probert, I.
  • Young, J.R.
  • Bente, E.
  • Eikrem, W.
  • Medlin, L.K., more

    Most haptophytes are unicellular, photosynthetic flagellates, although some have coccoid, colonial, amoeboid or filamentous stages. Nearly all have a characteristic filamentous appendage, the haptonema, arising between the two flagella. We have amassed small subunit rRNA gene sequences (18S rDNA) from 125 haptophytes and aligned the sequences with those of over 300 published and unpublished chlorophyll a+c algae. Phylogenies were constructed using Bayesian, minimum evolution and weighted maximum parsimony analyses. The high divergence (6%) between members of Pavlova and the remaining haptophytes supports the division of the Haptophyta into two classes: the Prymnesiophyceae and the Pavlovophyceae (Edvardsen et al. 2000). Four major clades within the Prymnesiophyceae were identified that correspond to known taxa: one clade embraces Phaeocystales; the second includes members of the Prymnesiales; the third represents the Isochrysidales; and the fourth the Coccolithales. Two other minor clades contain taxa whose sequences were derived from a gene clone library. In the absence of information on cell morphology associated with these sequences we are unable to determine whether they belong to existing orders or if new orders should be erected. These taxa are not strongly related to any of the known cultured taxa. One to two per cent divergence in the 18S rRNA gene analysis warrants a separation above the level of family.

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