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The International Legal Framework for Marine Mammal Conservation in the Mediterranean Sea
Scovazzi, T. (2016). The International Legal Framework for Marine Mammal Conservation in the Mediterranean Sea. Adv. Mar. Biol. 75: 387–416. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/bs.amb.2016.07.006
In: Advances in Marine Biology. Academic Press: London, New York. ISSN 0065-2881; e-ISSN 2162-5875, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aquatic organisms > Marine organisms > Aquatic mammals > Marine mammals
    International treaties
    MED, Mediterranean [Marine Regions]
Author keywords
    ACCOBAMS; CITES; UNCLOS; Bonn Convention; Bern Convention; Whaling Convention; IWC

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  • Scovazzi, T.

Abstract
    The paper reviews the international treaties that are today applicable for the protection of marine mammals in the Mediterranean Sea. They include instruments applicable at the world or the regional level. Emphasis is put on the International Whaling Commission, which is today affected by a confrontation between the two opposing groups of nonwhaling and whaling parties, the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS) and its implementation through the resolutions adopted by the Meeting of the Parties, as well as the subregional Agreement between France, Italy and Monaco for the establishment of a sanctuary for the protection of marine mammals (Pelagos Sanctuary). While several treaty provisions are in place to ensure the protection of marine mammals in the Mediterranean, specific mandatory provisions are still lacking for certain subjects, such as underwater noise, collisions with ships, by catch in fishing gear and ingestion of plastic litter.

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