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Immunomodulatory effects of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and perfluoroalkyl acids in East Greenland ringed seals (Pusa hispida)
Levin, M.; Gebhard, E.; Jasperse, L.; Desforges, J.-P.; Dietz, R.; Sonne, C.; Eulaers, I.; Covaci, A.; Bossi, R.; De Guise, S. (2016). Immunomodulatory effects of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and perfluoroalkyl acids in East Greenland ringed seals (Pusa hispida). Environ. Res. 151: 244-250. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.envres.2016.07.013
In: Environmental Research. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0013-9351; e-ISSN 1096-0953, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Pusa hispida (Schreber, 1775) [WoRMS]
    Marine
Author keywords
    Ringed seal; PCB; PFAS; Immunotoxicology; Lymphocyte proliferation

Authors  Top 
  • Levin, M.
  • Gebhard, E.
  • Jasperse, L.
  • Desforges, J.-P.
  • Dietz, R.
  • Sonne, C.
  • Eulaers, I., more
  • Covaci, A., more
  • Bossi, R.
  • De Guise, S.

Abstract
    To better elucidate the potential immune-related health effects of exposure to environmentally persistent organic pollutants (POP), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), in ringed seals (Pusa hispida), a sentinel Arctic species, we assessed 1) associations between mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation and in vivo tissue contaminant burdens, and 2) the concentration-response effects of in vitro exposure to PFASs and PCB congeners on mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation. Upon in vitro contaminant exposure, the non-coplanar PCB congeners CB 138, 153, and 180, but not the coplanar CB 169, significantly reduced lymphocyte proliferation between 10 and 20 µg g−1 ww. The respective in vitro EC50 values for these congeners were 13.3, 20.7, 20.8, and 54.6 µg g−1 ww. No modulation of lymphocyte proliferation was observed upon in vitro exposure to two individual PFASs, perfluorooctane sulphonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), at concentrations up to 1000 ng g-1. In addition, no significant correlations were found between lymphocyte proliferation and any blood or blubber contaminant measured. Taken together, these data suggest this population of ringed seals is not currently at high risk of altered lymphocyte proliferation from exposure to the POPs or PFASs in this study.

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