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Seismic geomorphological reconstructions of Plio-Pleistocene bottom current variability at Goban Spur
Delivet, S.; Van Eetvelt, B.; Monteys, X.; Ribó, M.; Van Rooij, D. (2016). Seismic geomorphological reconstructions of Plio-Pleistocene bottom current variability at Goban Spur. Mar. Geol. 378: 261-275. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.margeo.2016.01.001
In: Marine Geology. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0025-3227; e-ISSN 1872-6151, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Sediment wave; Bottom current; Pleistocene; Internal wave; MediterraneanOutflow Water

Authors  Top 
  • Delivet, S., more
  • Van Eetvelt, B., more
  • Monteys, X.
  • Ribó, M.
  • Van Rooij, D., more

Abstract
    High-resolution single channel sparker reflection seismic data revealed the presence of large-scale sediment waves nearby DSDP Site 548, located on Goban Spur. They developed in a gentle terraced environment which contrasts with the canyon-incised Celtic margin, and the relatively smooth Porcupine Seabight to the north. Based upon the morphological characteristics of the observed seabed and buried sediment waves, energetic alongslope bottom currents are thought to be the driving mechanism for the sediment wave development. These currents are driven on their turn by an enhanced internal tide regime that could be attributed to the introduction of the Mediterranean Outflow Water. The DSDP Site 548 downhole geophysical data and the seismic stratigraphic analysis allowed the differentiation of three sequences that relate to evolutionary stages since the lower Pliocene. The sequences are bounded by local erosional events, associated with mass wasting events, which seem to occur roughly synchronously to major northern hemisphere glaciations, respectively during the Lower Pleistocene (similar to 2.5 to 2.15 Ma), and the Middle Pleistocene (similar to 0.45 Ma). The lower sequence (from similar to 4.5 to similar to 2.15 Ma) shows no morphological evidence of bottom-current driven sedimentation. It is however settled over a smooth erosional surface which could indicate the introduction of the Mediterranean Outflow Water. The intermediate sequence is characterised by large-scale sediment waves that have gradually developed in close association with palaeo-seafloor irregularities. It is inferred that the sedimentation resumed with a relative bottom current energy increase. The youngest sequence recorded active sediment wave formation, similar to the previous sequence. Although the Goban Spur sediment waves cannot be regarded as contourite drifts as such, their stratigraphic evolution corresponds to other well-documented contourite depositional systems, influenced by the Mediterranean Outflow Water.

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