IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

The making of the Mediterranean molluscan biodiversity
Sabelli, B.; Taviani, M. (2014). The making of the Mediterranean molluscan biodiversity, in: Goffredo, S. et al. (Ed.) The Mediterranean Sea: Its history and present challenges. pp. 285-306. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-94-007-6704-1_16
In: Goffredo, S.; Dubinsky, Z. (Ed.) (2014). The Mediterranean Sea: Its history and present challenges. Springer: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-94-007-6703-4. 678 pp., more

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Mediterranean Mollusca Benthos Diversity Evolution Biogeography Threats

Authors  Top 
  • Sabelli, B.
  • Taviani, M.

Abstract
    The present Mediterranean molluscan biodiversity, comprising more than 2,000 species, was shaped by the multiple events connected with the geodynamic and climatic evolution of this basin in the last million years coupled with the process of biological evolutionary processes on the global scale. Climate, hydrology, basin physiography, and connections via seaways were and are the main forcing factors tuning the type of molluscs making the Mediterranean diversity at any geological instant, resulting in (often cyclical) taxonomic additions and subtractions. However, this basic motif operating in the Mediterranean since its formation as an independent basin over millions of years, has been seriously perturbed by the deliberate or accidental introduction of non-indigenous (alien or non native) species in the last decades. The taxonomic addition of mostly warm-water species is taking place at an unprecedented pace with respect to even the dramatic changes that have marked glacial-interglacial transitions, thus making the present day Mediterranean Sea a planetary biogeographic unicum.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors