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On the shape and likelihood of oceanic rogue waves
Benetazzo, A.; Bergamasco, F.; Cavaleri, L.; Guimarães, P.V.; Schwendeman, M.; Sclavo, M.; Thomson, J.; Torsello, A. (2017). On the shape and likelihood of oceanic rogue waves. NPG Scientific Reports 7(1): 11 pp. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/s41598-017-07704-9
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322; e-ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Benetazzo, A.
  • Bergamasco, F.
  • Cavaleri, L.
  • Guimarães, P.V.
  • Schwendeman, M.
  • Sclavo, M.
  • Thomson, J.
  • Torsello, A.

Abstract
    We consider the observation and analysis of oceanic rogue waves collected within spatio-temporal (ST) records of 3D wave fields. This class of records, allowing a sea surface region to be retrieved, is appropriate for the observation of rogue waves, which come up as a random phenomenon that can occur at any time and location of the sea surface. To verify this aspect, we used three stereo wave imaging systems to gather ST records of the sea surface elevation, which were collected in different sea conditions. The wave with the ST maximum elevation (happening to be larger than the rogue threshold 1.25Hs) was then isolated within each record, along with its temporal profile. The rogue waves show similar profiles, in agreement with the theory of extreme wave groups. We analyze the rogue wave probability of occurrence, also in the context of ST extreme value distributions, and we conclude that rogue waves are more likely than previously reported; the key point is coming across them, in space as well as in time. The dependence of the rogue wave profile and likelihood on the sea state conditions is also investigated. Results may prove useful in predicting extreme wave occurrence probability and strength during oceanic storms.

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