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Competitive advantage and higher fitness in native populations of genetically structured planktonic diatoms
Sildever, S.; Sefbom, J.; Lips, I.; Godhe, A. (2016). Competitive advantage and higher fitness in native populations of genetically structured planktonic diatoms. Environ. Microbiol. 18(12): 4403-4411. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/1462-2920.13372
In: Environmental Microbiology. Blackwell Scientific Publishers: Oxford. ISSN 1462-2912; e-ISSN 1462-2920, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Marine Sciences
    Marine Sciences > Marine Genomics
    Scientific Community
    Scientific Publication
    Marine

Project Top | Authors 
  • Association of European marine biological laboratories, more

Authors  Top 
  • Sildever, S.
  • Sefbom, J., more
  • Lips, I.
  • Godhe, A.

Abstract
    It has been shown that the planktonic diatom Skeletonema from neighbouring areas are genetically differentiated despite absence of physical dispersal barriers. We revisited two sites, Mariager Fjord and Kattegat, NE Atlantic, and isolated new strains. Microsatellite genotyping and F-statistics revealed that the populations were genetically differentiated. An experiment was designed to investigate if populations are locally adapted and have a native competitive advantage. Ten strains from each location were grown individually in native and foreign water to investigate differences in produced biomass. Additionally, we mixed six pairs, one strain from each site, and let them grow together in native and foreign water. Strains from Mariager Fjord and Kattegat produced higher biomass in native water. In the competition experiment, strains from both sites displayed higher relative abundance and demonstrated competitive advantage in their native water. The cause of the differentiated growth is unknown, but could possibly be attributed to differences in silica concentration or viruses in the two water types. Our data show that dispersal potential does not influence the genetic structure of the populations. We conclude that genetic adaptation has not been overruled by gene flow, but instead the responses to different selection conditions are enforcing the observed genetic structure.

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