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Therapeutic and prophylactic uses of invertebrates in contemporary Spanish ethnoveterinary medicine
González, J.A.; Amich, F.; Postigo-Mota, S.; Vallejo, J.R. (2016). Therapeutic and prophylactic uses of invertebrates in contemporary Spanish ethnoveterinary medicine. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 12(1): 36. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1186/s13002-016-0111-1
In: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. BioMed Central: London. ISSN 1746-4269; e-ISSN 1746-4269, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Invertebrates Ethnozoology Ethnoveterinary medicine Zootherapy Spain

Authors  Top 
  • González, J.A.
  • Amich, F.
  • Postigo-Mota, S.
  • Vallejo, J.R.

Abstract
    Zootherapeutic practices in ethnoveterinary medicine are important in many socio-cultural environments around the world, particularly in developing countries, and they have recently started to be inventoried and studied in Europe. In light of this, the purpose of this review is to describe the local knowledge and folk remedies based on the use of invertebrates and their derivative products in contemporary Spanish ethnoveterinary medicine. An overview in the fields of ethnozoology, ethnoveterinary medicine and folklore was made. Automated searches in the most important databases were performed. All related works were examined thoroughly and use-reports were obtained from 53 documentary sources. The traditional use of 18 invertebrate species and five ethnotaxa and a total of 86 empirical remedies based on the use of a single species was recorded. The two most relevant zoological groups were found to be insects and molluscs. A broad diversity of body parts or derivative products have been and are used to treat or prevent ca. 50 animal diseases or conditions, in particular diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, different infectious livestock diseases, and disorders of the eye and adnexa. Cattle, sheep and equines form the group of domestic animals in which the greatest number of remedies are mentioned. In addition, seven magical remedies and practices are documented. In comparison with other culturally related areas, this is a rich heritage. The use-reports included here will help in the search for new and low-cost drugs for treating livestock and alternative materials for pharmaceutical purposes, future research addressing the validation of the effects and the development of organic farming.

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