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Great scallop, Pecten maximus, research and culture strategies in Norway: a review
Øivind, Ø.; Øivind, S. (2001). Great scallop, Pecten maximus, research and culture strategies in Norway: a review. Aquacult. Int. 9(4): 305-318
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Culture; Culture; Cultures; Hatcheries; Ocean floor; Scallop culture; Pecten maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Pecten maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Øivind, Ø., correspondent
  • Øivind, S.

Abstract
    The great scallop, Pecten maximus is a potential aquaculture species in Norway, but production to date has been low. Great scallop landings in 2000 were 571 tonnes, exclusively from harvesting wild stocks, landed by divers. Approximately two million juveniles of 15 mm shell height have been produced annually in a hatchery since 1998, and distributed to farmers. Research projects on larvae and juveniles include studies of various antibacterial treatments, improved culture system designs and application of probiotics. Results from hanging cultures under different environmental conditions indicate a strong correlation between low temperature and poor survival, and point out the importance of careful selection of cultivation sites. Good growth potential of scallops in Norwegian waters has been shown, and it is possible to reach market size of 10 mm shell height in three to four years. Experiments with fences and other strategies protecting cultured scallops on the seabed from predation by crabs are in progress.

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