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Energy expended on growth and gonad output in the ribbed mussel Aulacomya ater
Griffiths, C.L.; King, J.A. (1979). Energy expended on growth and gonad output in the ribbed mussel Aulacomya ater. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 53(3): 217-222. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF00952429
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

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  • Griffiths, C.L.
  • King, J.A.

Abstract
    Length/weight relationships have been computed for shell, flesh and byssus of Aulacomya ater (Molina) and energy values used to convert the weights to energy equivalents. Shell accounts for some 26% of total body energy, while the contribution of the byssus declines from 15 to 8% during growth. Observations of juvenile growth rates have been used to generate a Gompertz growth equation which predicts attainment of maximum length (90 mm) after 11 years. Reproductive condition has been assessed by monitoring seasonal fluctuations in the flesh weight of standard-sized individuals, calculated from monthly length/weight regressions. There appear to be three spawnings, of variable date and intensity, each year. From the above data, annual energy expenditure on growth and gonad output has been calculated for individuals of various sizes. The ratio of total production to biomass (P:B¯)(P:B¯) is a declining clining function of shell length, dropping from 29.5 at 5 mm to 0.8 at 85 mm. The proportion of total production expended on gamete output increases steadily from 25% at attainment of maturity (15 mm) to 81% at 85 mm length. The considerable effects of changing size composition on the amount and type of production in natural populations are discussed.

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