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Short-term impact of deep sand extraction and ecosystem-based landscaping on macrozoobenthos and sediment characteristics
de Jong , M.F.; Baptist, M.J.; Lindeboom, H.J.; Hoekstra, P. (2015). Short-term impact of deep sand extraction and ecosystem-based landscaping on macrozoobenthos and sediment characteristics. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 97(1-2): 294-308. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.06.002
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X; e-ISSN 1879-3363, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Dredging
    Mining
    Physics > Mechanics > Fluid mechanics > Hydrodynamics
    ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]
Author keywords
    Sedimentation rate

Authors  Top 
  • de Jong, M.F.
  • Baptist, M.J.
  • Lindeboom, H.J., more
  • Hoekstra, P.

Abstract
    We studied short-term changes in macrozoobenthos in a 20 m deep borrow pit. A boxcorer was used to sample macrobenthic infauna and a bottom sledge was used to sample macrobenthic epifauna. Sediment characteristics were determined from the boxcore samples, bed shear stress and near-bed salinity were estimated with a hydrodynamic model. Two years after the cessation of sand extraction, macrozoobenthic biomass increased fivefold in the deepest areas. Species composition changed significantly and white furrow shell (Abra alba) became abundant. Several sediment characteristics also changed significantly in the deepest parts. Macrozoobenthic species composition and biomass significantly correlated with time after cessation of sand extraction, sediment and hydrographical characteristics. Ecosystem-based landscaped sand bars were found to be effective in influencing sediment characteristics and macrozoobenthic assemblage. Significant changes in epifauna occurred in deepest parts in 2012 which coincided with the highest sedimentation rate. We recommend continuing monitoring to investigate medium and long-term impacts.

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