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Arcobacter haliotis sp. nov., isolated from abalone species Haliotis gigantea
Tanaka, R.; Cleenwerck, I.; Mizutani, Y.; Iehata, S.; Bossier, P.; Vandamme, P. (2017). Arcobacter haliotis sp. nov., isolated from abalone species Haliotis gigantea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 67(8): 3050-3056. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1099/ijsem.0.002080
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1466-5026; e-ISSN 1466-5034, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 333176 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Haliotis gigantea Gmelin, 1791 [WoRMS]
    Marine
Author keywords
    epsilonproteobacterium; Arcobacter; abalone; Haliotis gigantea; gut

Authors  Top 
  • Tanaka, R.
  • Cleenwerck, I., more
  • Mizutani, Y.
  • Iehata, S.
  • Bossier, P., more
  • Vandamme, P., more

Abstract
    A Gram-negative, aerobic, polar-flagellated and rod-shaped, sometimes slightly curved bacterium, designated MA5T, was isolated from the gut of an abalone of the species Haliotis gigantea collected in Japan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA, gyrB, hsp60 and rpoB gene sequences placed strain MA5T in the genus Arcobacter in an independent phylogenetic line. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain with those of the type strains of the established Arcobacter species revealed A. nitrofigilis (95.1 %) as nearest neighbour. Strain MA5T grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 6.0 to 9.0 and in the presence of 2 to 5 % (w/v) NaCl under both aerobic and microaerobic conditions. The predominant fatty acids found were summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c), C12 : 0 3-OH and C18 : 1 ω7c. Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and menaquinone-7 (MK-7) were found as the major respiratory quinones. The major polar lipids detected were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Strain MA5T could be differentiated phenotypically from the phylogenetic closest Arcobacter species by its ability to grow on 0.05 % safranin and 0.01 % 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC), but not on 0.5 % NaCl. The obtained DNA G+C content of strain MA5T was 27.9 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic distinctiveness of MA5T, this strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arcobacter, for which the name Arcobacter haliotis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MA5T (=LMG 28652T=JCM 31147T).

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