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Do high Arctic coastal food webs rely on a terrestrial carbon subsidy?
Harris, C.M.; McTigue, N.D.; McClelland, J.W.; Dunton, K.H. (2018). Do high Arctic coastal food webs rely on a terrestrial carbon subsidy? Food Webs 15: e00081. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.fooweb.2018.e00081
In: Food Webs. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 2352-2496; e-ISSN 2352-2496, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Food webs
Author keywords
    Terrestrial subsidies; Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes; Simmr; Beaufort Sea

Authors  Top 
  • Harris, C.M.
  • McTigue, N.D.
  • McClelland, J.W.
  • Dunton, K.H.

Abstract
    Lagoons are a prominent feature of Arctic coastlines, support diverse benthic food webs, and provide vital feeding grounds for fish, migratory birds, and marine mammals. Across the Arctic, loading of terrestrial/freshwater-derived organic carbon (CT) from watershed runoff and coastal erosion is predicted to increase with global warming, and may subsidize marine organic carbon as an energy source. To assess the importance of CT, we analyzed the trophic links and carbon assimilation pathways of twenty genera in five trophic guilds (suspension and filter feeders (Su/FF), surface and subsurface deposit feeders (Ss/De), epibenthic omnivorous invertebrates (Ep/Om), omnivorous fishes (Fish), and mammalian carnivores (Mam/Carn) as well as end-member organic matter (OM) sources. Because end-members had distinct carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios, we employed a Bayesian stable isotope mixing model (simmr) to determine the contributions of CT, shelf OM, and marine microphytobenthos, to the diets of resident fauna. Ss/De and Ep/Om mainly assimilated marine-derived OM end-members. Su/FF, Fish, and beluga whales derived large portions of their diet from CT (>40%). We conclude that (1) coastal food webs are characterized by a high degree of omnivory and plasticity, (2) CT is an important OM subsidy to food webs, and (3) omnivorous fish transfer CT from lower to upper trophic levels.

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