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Effect of a dietary phospholipid supplementation on growth and fatty acid composition of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) juveniles from weaning onwards
Geurden, I.; Coutteau, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (1997). Effect of a dietary phospholipid supplementation on growth and fatty acid composition of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) juveniles from weaning onwards. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 16: 259-272
In: Fish physiology and biochemistry. Kugler: Berkeley; Amsterdam. ISSN 0920-1742, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Geurden, I.; Coutteau, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (1997). Effect of a dietary phospholipid supplementation on growth and fatty acid composition of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) juveniles from weaning onwards, in: IZWO Coll. Rep. 27(1997). IZWO Collected Reprints, 27: pp. chapter 13, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 2951 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Complex lipids; Diets; Fatty acids; Juveniles; Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Geurden, I.
  • Coutteau, P., more
  • Sorgeloos, P., more

Abstract
    Two 40-day feeding trials using extruded diets were conducted to assess the effect of a dietary phospholipid (PL) supplementation on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) from weaning onwards. Two dietary treatments (FO and PL) were tested; both had an identical extruded basis (92,5% total diet weight) coated with a different lipid fraction (7,5% total diet weight). Diet PL contained 2% egg yolk PL (69% pure). In diet FO the PL was replaced by hydrogenated coconut oil. The isolipidic diets contained an equal amount of fish oil ethyl esters providing 1,6% (% diet weight) of n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA). A diet water stability test showed no effect of the PL supplementation on the leaching of the dietary fatty acids. In both fish species weight, but not survival, significantly increased as a result of PL supplementation. Weaning onto the experimental diets resulted in similar changes in the relative percent levels of fatty acids in both species. In general, the percentage of saturated fatty acids leveled off after a rapid increase, while monoenes increased after an initial decrease. Total n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) decreased and total n-6 PUFA remained almost constant. The major effect of the dietary PL on fish fatty acid composition was a 50% increase in n-6 and n-3 HUFAs compared to the PL-free FO diet. The rise in n-6 HUFA may have reflected the higher moiety in the dietary PL. On the other hand this was not the case for the n-3 HUFA since they represented only low levels in the PL fraction (0,1%) compared to that provided by the ethyl esters (1,6%) suggesting a more efficient incorporation of the PL n-3 HUFA than of the ethyl ester n-3 HUFA. A second hypothesis is that the dietary PL may have favored the incorporation of the dietary ethyl ester n-3 HUFA.

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