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Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from South Africa
Cairns, S.D.; Zibrowius, H. (2013). Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from South Africa. Zootaxa 3691(1): 1-57.
In: Zootaxa. Magnolia Press: Auckland. ISSN 1175-5326; e-ISSN 1175-5334, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Taxa > Species > New taxa > New species
    Cnidaria [WoRMS]; Conopora sola Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Conopora tenuiramus Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Conopora verrucosa (Studer, 1878) [WoRMS]; Crypthelia micropoma Cairns, 1985 [WoRMS]; Errina capensis Hickson, 1912 [WoRMS]; Errinopsis fenestrata Cairns, 1983 [WoRMS]; Gyropora africana Boschma, 1960 [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata africana Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata lowei (Cairns, 1983) [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata spinosa Cairns, 1991 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora diffusa (Boschma, 1963) [WoRMS]; Pedicularia Swainson, 1840 [WoRMS]; Stenohelia spinifera Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Stenohelia venusta Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Stylaster amphiheloides Saville Kent, 1871 [WoRMS]; Stylaster bithalamus Broch, 1936 [WoRMS]; Stylaster griseus Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Stylaster kenti Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013 [WoRMS]; Stylaster lonchitis Broch, 1947 [WoRMS]; Stylaster nobilis (Saville Kent, 1871) [WoRMS]; Stylaster subviolacea (Kent, 1871) [WoRMS]; Stylasteridae Gray, 1847 [WoRMS]
    South Africa [Marine Regions]

Authors  Top 
  • Cairns, S.D.
  • Zibrowius, H.

    We describe and figure the 20 species of stylasterid hydrozoans known from South Africa. These consist of seven new species, six range extensions, and seven species previously known from South Africa. Most of the specimens reported resulted from expeditions of the Pieter Faure (1898–1903) and Meiring Naudé (1975–1987), and are deposited primarilyin the South African Museum (Cape Town). A replacement name (Errina australis) is proposed for the junior homonym Errina hicksoni Cairns, 1991. A brief history of species discovery of the South African stylasterids is presented. The new morphological term dactyloglossa is introduced to define a baffle-like structure found in dactylopores of some species. Of the 20 South African species, 12 (60%) are not yet known outside that area. Three patterns of distribution were noted: species confined to the tropical region of South Africa, those found in both the tropical and warm temperate regions of S.Africa, and those found only in the warm temperate regions, three in the latter group sharing their distribution with cold temperate southern South America and two with warm temperate New Zealand, representing a circum-southern temperate distribution.

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