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Electrophoretic heterogeneity within and between flat periwinkles (Mollusca : Gastropoda) along an intertidal transect at Ria Ferrol, northwest Spain
Olabarria, C.; Timmermans, J.M.; Backeljau, T. (1998). Electrophoretic heterogeneity within and between flat periwinkles (Mollusca : Gastropoda) along an intertidal transect at Ria Ferrol, northwest Spain. Hydrobiologia 378: 11-19
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 29933 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Genetic diversity; Intertidal environment; Littorinidae Children, 1834 [WoRMS]; ANE, Spain, Galicia, Ria de Ferrol [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Olabarria, C.
  • Timmermans, J.M.
  • Backeljau, T., more

Abstract
    Using isoelectric focusing of esterases (EST), general proteins (GP) and myoglobin (Mb), we surveyed intra- and interspecific differentiation in flat periwinkles along a vertical intertidal transect in the Ensenada do Bano at Ria Ferrol, N.W. Spain. In this region, L. obtusata occurs in four algal belts, although it is rare in the lowest zone defined by Fucus serratus. L. fabalis is common in the F: serratus and F: vesiculosus belt, but is absent higher up on Ascophyllum nodosum and F: spiralis. Our data show that (I) EST and GP consistently differentiate between L. obtusata and L. fabalis, Without however providing useful diagnostic markers, (2) L. fabalis is the less variable (heterozygous), but more heterogeneous species, (3) Mb patterns show significant heterogeneity in L. obtusata between the F. serratus zone and the other algal belts, but not in L. fabalis, and (4) the data on littorinid Mb appear inconsistent with a dimeric protein controlled by a single locus. Yet, assuming two loci coding for a monomeric (or dissociated dimeric) protein produces for the flat periwinkles a data set in which no significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg expectations were detected. Nevertheless, this speculative interpretation fails to explain all littorinid Mb data. Hence the genetics and structure of littorinid Mb need further study.

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