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Metabolic control of luminescence in isolated photophores of Porichthys: effects of glucose on oxygen consumption and luminescence
Mallefet, J.; Baguet, F. (1993). Metabolic control of luminescence in isolated photophores of Porichthys: effects of glucose on oxygen consumption and luminescence. J. Exp. Biol. 181: 279-293
In: Journal of Experimental Biology. Cambridge University Press: London. ISSN 0022-0949, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

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Abstract
    1. Basal oxygen consumption of isolated photophores from Porichthys sp. at rest, i.e. without light emission, increased significantly from 0.101 +/- 0.021 nmol min-1 to 0.173 +/- 0.016 nmol min-1 in response to the addition of 5.5 mmol l-1 glucose.2. 5.5 mmol l-1 glucose pretreatment modified the time course of the two phases of adrenaline-induced luminescence; an increase in oxygen consumption was observed during the fast phase of light production but a decrease occurred during the slow phase of luminescence.3. Pretreatment of isolated photophores with 5.5 mmol l-1 glucose totally inhibited the light emission induced by 1 mmol l-1 potassium cyanide. With this treatment, the respiration rate decreased progressively and after 40 min reached a value not significantly different from zero.4. Even after blockage of cellular respiration by cyanide, an increase in the rate of oxygen consumption was observed during the fast adrenaline-induced luminescence.5. Glucose utilisation by glycolysis or by oxidative metabolism may provide energy to an inhibitory mechanism that maintains the photophores in a non-luminescent state.6. We suggest that the oxygen consumed during the fast phase of adrenaline luminescence could represent the activity of an extramitochondrial oxidative pathway involved in the light reaction.

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