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Calcium involvement in the luminescence control of three ophiuroid species (Echinodermata)
Dewael, Y.; Mallefet, J. (2002). Calcium involvement in the luminescence control of three ophiuroid species (Echinodermata). Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part C Pharmacol. Toxicol. Endocrinol. 131(2): 153-160.
In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C. Pharmacology, Toxicology and Endocrinology. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 1367-8280, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 278860 [ OMA ]

Author keywords
    invertebrate; echinoderm; ophiuroid; Amphiura filiformis; Ophiopsilaaranea; Ophiopsila californica; bioluminescence; calcium; nervous system

Authors  Top 
  • Dewael, Y.
  • Mallefet, J., more

    Although it has been shown that calcium is involved in the control of the luminous reaction of many invertebrate phyla, its role in Echinoderms is poorly documented. The aim of this work was to carry out a comparative study of calcium requirement of KCl-induced light emission by arm segments and dissociated luminous cells from three ophiuroid species, Ophiopsila californica, O. aranea and Amphiura filiformis. Results show a gradual inhibition of the luminescence when preparations are incubated in artificial sea water with lowered calcium concentration. The calcium substitutes Ba2+ and Sr2+ could act either as blockers or as substitutes, depending on the ophiuroid species; while calcium blockers Co2+, Ni2+ and Cd2+ inhibit light emission in A. filiformis and in O. californica, but not in O. aranea. The nature of putative calcium voltage-gated channel has been studied pharmacologically using 1,4-dihydropyridine, benzodiazepine, phenylalkylamine and trifluoroperazine. From our results, it is proposed that calcium could act via an L-type voltage-gated calcium channel in O. californica and A. filiformis but not in O. aranea. The precise role of calcium in luminescence control still remains unknown; it could act as a second messenger or as a co-factor of the luminous reaction.

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