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Seabird and marine mammal bycatch reduction through fishing industry funded research: the New Zealand Conservation Services Levy
West, I.F.; Molloy, J.; Donoghue, M.F.; Pugsley, C. (1999). Seabird and marine mammal bycatch reduction through fishing industry funded research: the New Zealand Conservation Services Levy. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 33(2): 13-18
In: Marine Technology Society Journal. Marine Technology Society (MTS): Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0025-3324, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • West, I.F.
  • Molloy, J.
  • Donoghue, M.F.
  • Pugsley, C.

Abstract
    Since 1995 the New Zealand government has implemented a scheme to recoverfrom the domestic commercial fishing industry the funding required to investigate andmitigate the impacts of fishing on protected species of marine wildlife. ConservationServices Levies are approved by the Minister of Conservation, administered by theDepartment of Conservation (DOC), and are collected by the Ministry of Fisheries.The levies are set annually following extensive consultation between the relevantgovernment agencies and stakeholder groups. Levies are primarily used to boostobserver coverage in selected fisheries, to monitor the status of protected speciesknown to be incidentally taken in fishing operations, and to develop ways ofmitigating the by-catch of species protected under the New Zealand MarineMammals Protection Act 1978 and the Wildlife Act 1953. Conservation ServicesLevies provide a rare example in the global fishing industry of a transparent andaccountable process, requiring the industry to pay at least part of the trueenvironmental costs of its operation. It would be premature to suggest that theintroduction of these levies has achieved a resolution of the various interactionsbetween commercial fisheries and protected species of marine wildlife.

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