IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Globally consistent quantitative observations of planktonic ecosystems
Lombard, F.; Boss, E.; Waite, A.M.; Vogt, M.; Uitz, J.; Stemmann, L.; Sosik, H.M.; Schulz, J.; Romagnan, J.-B.; Picheral, M.; Pearlman, J.; Ohman, M.D.; Niehoff, B.; Möller, K.O.; Miloslavich, P.; Lara-Lpez, A.; Kudela, R.; Lopes, R.M.; Kiko, R.; Karp-Boss, L.; Jaffe, J.S.; Iversen, M.H.; Irisson, J.-O.; Fennel, K.; Hauss, H.; Guidi, L.; Gorsky, G.; Giering, S.L.C.; Gaube, P.; Gallager, S.; Dubelaar, G.; Cowen, R.K.; Carlotti, F.; Briseño-Avena, C.; Berline, L.; Benoit-Bird, K.; Bax, N.; Batten, S.; Artigas, L.F.; Appeltans, W. (2019). Globally consistent quantitative observations of planktonic ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 6: 196. https://hdl.handle.net/10.3389/fmars.2019.00196
In: Frontiers in Marine Science. Frontiers Media: Lausanne. ISSN 2296-7745, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Lombard, F.
  • Boss, E.
  • Waite, A.M.
  • Vogt, M.
  • Uitz, J.
  • Stemmann, L.
  • Sosik, H.M.
  • Schulz, J.
  • Romagnan, J.-B.
  • Picheral, M.
  • Pearlman, J.
  • Ohman, M.D.
  • Niehoff, B.
  • Möller, K.O.
  • Miloslavich, P.
  • Lara-Lpez, A.
  • Kudela, R.
  • Lopes, R.M.
  • Kiko, R.
  • Karp-Boss, L.
  • Jaffe, J.S.
  • Iversen, M.H.
  • Irisson, J.-O.
  • Fennel, K.
  • Hauss, H.
  • Guidi, L.
  • Gorsky, G.
  • Giering, S.L.C.
  • Gaube, P.
  • Gallager, S.
  • Dubelaar, G.
  • Cowen, R.K.
  • Carlotti, F.
  • Briseño-Avena, C.
  • Berline, L.
  • Benoit-Bird, K.
  • Bax, N.
  • Batten, S.
  • Artigas, L.F.
  • Appeltans, W., more

Abstract
    In this paper we review the technologies available to make globally quantitative observations of particles in general—and plankton in particular—in the world oceans, and for sizes varying from sub-microns to centimeters. Some of these technologies have been available for years while others have only recently emerged. Use of these technologies is critical to improve understanding of the processes that control abundances, distributions and composition of plankton, provide data necessary to constrain and improve ecosystem and biogeochemical models, and forecast changes in marine ecosystems in light of climate change. In this paper we begin by providing the motivation for plankton observations, quantification and diversity qualification on a global scale. We then expand on the state-of-the-art, detailing a variety of relevant and (mostly) mature technologies and measurements, including bulk measurements of plankton, pigment composition, uses of genomic, optical and acoustical methods as well as analysis using particle counters, flow cytometers and quantitative imaging devices. We follow by highlighting the requirements necessary for a plankton observing system, the approach to achieve it and associated challenges. We conclude with ranked action-item recommendations for the next 10 years to move toward our vision of a holistic ocean-wide plankton observing system. Particularly, we suggest to begin with a demonstration project on a GO-SHIP line and/or a long-term observation site and expand from there, ensuring that issues associated with methods, observation tools, data analysis, quality assessment and curation are addressed early in the implementation. Global coordination is key for the success of this vision and will bring new insights on processes associated with nutrient regeneration, ocean production, fisheries and carbon sequestration.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors