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Effects of technetium on marine micro-organisms
Moureau, Z.; Jakubowski-Mania, B.; Oleski-Gebski, M.J.; Bossus, A.; Vandecasteele, C.M.; Cogneau, M.; Bonotto, S.; van der Ben, D. (1990). Effects of technetium on marine micro-organisms. Bull. K. Belg. Inst. Nat. Wet. 60: 241-248
In: Bulletin. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Mededelingen. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. KBIN: Brussel. ISSN 0368-0177, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Moureau, Z.
  • Jakubowski-Mania, B.
  • Oleski-Gebski, M.J.
  • Bossus, A.
  • Vandecasteele, C.M.
  • Cogneau, M.
  • Bonotto, S.
  • van der Ben, D.

    Eleven bacterial species have been isolated from the upper layer of intertidal sediments collected along the Belgian coast (Coxyde). Three of them (no. 1, 4 and 11) have been chosen for their halophilous character. One species has been identified as Flavobacterium halmephilum, the other two are being investigated. Effects of technetium (99Tc) have been studied on a mixed bacterial population isolated from sediments, as well as on the three halophilic species.At the concentrations utilized in this work (up to 100 microg ml-1), 99Tc has no evident effects on bacterial growth. Uptake of technetium (99Tc and/or 95mTc) has been investigated in the mixed bacterial population, in the three halophilic bacteria (including Flavobacterium halmephilum) and in the benthic ciliate Uronema marinum. It has been found that technetium is taken up by all these micro-organisms. However, the transfer factor (TF) in bacteria may vary considerably (from 0.5 to 200), but the cause of this variability is not known and deserves further study.The ciliate Uronema marinum, which feeds on living marine bacteria, was found to take up 95mTc added to the culture medium. However, the TF in this ciliate is rather low (from 1.4 to 5.5). Because it feeds on bacteria, Uronema marinum is supposed to take up technetium from water (direct contamination) as well as from contaminated bacteria (indirect contamination). Experiments with 95mTc-labeled bacterial cells might be useful, as they could indicate which form of contamination (direct or indirect) is prevailing.

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