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Biotic relationships of Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae) in the Northeast Atlantic: evidence from parasites
Pascual, S.; Gonzalez, A.; Arias, Ch.; Guerra, Á. (1996). Biotic relationships of Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae) in the Northeast Atlantic: evidence from parasites. Sarsia 81: 265-274
In: Sarsia. University of Bergen. Universitetsforlaget: Bergen. ISSN 0036-4827, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Pascual, S.
  • Gonzalez, A.
  • Arias, Ch.
  • Guerra, Á., more

Abstract
    Parasites were collected from 1,200 short-finned squid (Illex coindetii, Todaropsis eblanae) caught as by-catch in a multispecies trawling fishery in the northwest Spanish Atlantic waters in 1992-1993. Parasites found included six species of helminths, three tetraphyllidean cestodes (Phyllobothrium sp., Pelichnibothrium speciosum, Dinobothrium sp.), two trypanorhynchidean cestodes (Nybelinia yamagutii, Nybelinia lingualis), and one ascaridoid nematode (Anisakis simplex B). Two of these parasites (Phyllobothrium sp., <>A. simplex B), which could be recognised as component species, were used in analyses of host-parasite relationships. Levels of infection varied significantly with host size or stage of maturation for both squid species. Regional variation in infection level seems attributable to geographical variation in availability of prey, discreteness and movements of host populations and to size or age-related changes in the prey selection of their host. Parasite evidences suggest that both ommastrephid squids are sympatric species sharing similar econiches, and serve as diet for large top predators (selachians and marine mammals) of Northeast Atlantic. Parasites may also be useful as an indirect indicator of the migratory habits of the squid.

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