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Use of brine shrimp, Artemia spp., in larval crustacean nutrition: a review
Sorgeloos, P.; Coutteau, P.; Dhert, Ph.; Merchie, G.; Lavens, P. (1998). Use of brine shrimp, Artemia spp., in larval crustacean nutrition: a review. Rev. Fish. Sci. 6(1-2): 55-68
In: Reviews in Fisheries Science. Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton. ISSN 1064-1262; e-ISSN 1547-6553, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Artemia Leach, 1819 [WoRMS]
    Marine; Brackish water

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  • Merchie, G.
  • Lavens, P., more

    Because of convenience in production and their suitable biochemical composition, brine shrimp Artemia spp. nauplii have been adopted as a standard diet in the commercial larviculture of several crustacean species. The nutritional value of Artemia, however, is not constant, but varies both geographically and temporally. During the past decade both the causes of Artemia nutritional variability and methods to improve poor-quality Artemia have been identified. Enriching Artemia spp. with emulsified lipophilic products is a technique that has allowed delivery of extra doses of essential nutrients, for example, highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) and vitamins, to crustacean larvae. The enrichment technique has limitations, however, because the Artemia spp. currently available selectively catabolize some of the nutrients such as docosahexaenoic acid and phospholipids. Decapsulated Artemia cysts, juveniles, and adult brine shrimp are also used increasingly as suitable diets for different crustacean species.

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