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Preferential riverine export of fine volcanogenic particles to the southeast Australian margin
Bayon, G.; Douglas, G.B.; Denton, G.J.; Monin, L.; De Deckker, P. (2020). Preferential riverine export of fine volcanogenic particles to the southeast Australian margin. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 89. https://hdl.handle.net/10.3389/fmars.2020.00089
In: Frontiers in Marine Science. Frontiers Media: Lausanne. ISSN 2296-7745, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Marine; Fresh water
Author keywords
    rare earth elements; neodymium isotopes; suspended particulates;colloids; Murray-Darling Basin; Australia

Authors  Top 
  • Bayon, G., more
  • Douglas, G.B.
  • Denton, G.J.
  • Monin, L., more
  • De Deckker, P.

Abstract
    We report on rare earth element and neodymium isotopic compositions in a series of grain-size fractions separated from river suspended matter in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) and a nearby marine sediment core (MD03-2607) offshore south-eastern Australia. This source-to-sink approach was used to further investigate the extent to which sediment sorting may control the geochemistry of suspended loads in rivers, and to provide constraints on the source of the detrital sediment material exported to the ocean. Our results provide further compelling evidence that significant size-dependent geochemical decoupling can occur in river systems, accounting here for Nd isotopic (εNd) differences of up to eight epsilon-units between silt (>25 μm) and colloidal (0.2−0.006 μm; 0.006−0.003 μm) fractions. All suspended particulate samples from the River Murray watershed display a trend toward more radiogenic (higher εNd) Nd signatures with decreasing grain-size, in addition to differing REE signatures, which collectively point toward a preferential volcanogenic origin for the fine-grained inorganic particles transported by MDB rivers. Furthermore, we show that the same river-borne volcanogenic material dominates in the fine-grained detrital fractions extracted from core MD03-2607 at the south-eastern Australian margin; a finding corroborated by REE signatures in a series of copepod fecal pellet separates from the same core. Collectively, our results suggest that river sediment discharge is accompanied by preferential export of fine-grained volcanogenic particles to the ocean. This potential source of bioavailable trace metals and nutrients in ocean surface waters could impact marine productivity.

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