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Mortalité des oiseaux marins lors de l'hiver 1992-1993 le long du littoral belge
Jauniaux, T.; Brosens, L.; Farnir, F.; Manteca, C.; Losson, B.; Tavernier, J.; Vindevogel, H.; Coignoul, F. (1996). Mortalité des oiseaux marins lors de l'hiver 1992-1993 le long du littoral belge. Ann. Méd. Vét. 140(3): 149-159
In: Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire. Université de Liège. Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire: Liège. ISSN 0003-4118, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 148595 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Marine birds; Stranding; Winter; ANE, Belgium, Belgian Coast [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Jauniaux, T., more
  • Brosens, L.
  • Farnir, F.
  • Manteca, C.
  • Losson, B.
  • Tavernier, J., more
  • Vindevogel, H.
  • Coignoul, F., more

Abstract
    During the 1992-1993 133 seabirds found on Belgian beaches were necropsied. Most frequent species were the guillemot (Uria aalge), the oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), the kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), the razorbill (Alca torda) and the herring gull (Larus argentatus).The three main observations were, in decreasing order, cachexia, acute and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, and oil contamination of plumage and intestinal tract. The pelagic origin of seabirds was associated with all 3 observations; oil contamination was associated with acute gastro-enteritis and cachexia and, finally, the immature character was associated with cachexia. A hypothetical mechanism of death would be oiled pelagic seabirds that become cachectic and die of acute gastroenteritis.It is unlikely that seabirds act as a reservoir for bacteria, that were only occasionally identified in our material. Therefore, it appears that infectious agents play a minor role in seabirds stranding.

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