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Evaluating molar CYP1A level in fish hepatic microsomes by competitive ELISA using recombinant membrane-free CYP1A standard protein
Tom, M.; Myers, C.R.; Waterman, M.R. (2002). Evaluating molar CYP1A level in fish hepatic microsomes by competitive ELISA using recombinant membrane-free CYP1A standard protein. Aquat. Toxicol. 59(1-2): 101-114
In: Aquatic Toxicology. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0166-445X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Cytochromes; Elisa; Recombinants; Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine; Fresh water

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  • Tom, M., correspondent
  • Myers, C.R.
  • Waterman, M.R.

    Fish cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) is a widely accepted environmental biomarker, detecting biological effects of several xenobiotic groups present in aquatic environments, when evaluated in target tissues of a biosensor species. However, appropriate utilization of its protein level as a routine environmental diagnostic tool requires evaluation of properly normalized molar levels, mitigating comparison among different laboratories, during a multi-annual time scale and over a variety of tested populations of the biosensor species. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for determination of CYP1A of the striped sea bream, Lithognathus mormyrus, using our previously described antibody raised to a trout CYP1A synthetic peptide, and a recombinant L. mormyrus CYP1A as a competitor. The L. mormyrus CYP1A-cDNA was cloned and modified by truncating its 5' hydrophobic membrane anchor, as well as by addition of 4× histidine tag, permitting its partial purification on a nickel-NTA column. The modified cDNA was ligated into the PCWOri+ vector and heterologously produced in Escherichia coli as a cytosolic, membrane-free protein, retaining its immuno-affinity with the anti-CYP1A antibody in the presence of the detergent Triton X-100. The detergent was added to the ELISA solution during the competitive step, rendering the microsomal CYP1A more accessible to the antibody. ELISA components, including coated levels of the modified standard CYP1A, and the concentrations of the Triton X-100, CYP1A-specific antibody, and the range of dissolved CYP1A standard protein, were optimized. Hypothesized immuno-affinity differences between the microsomal and the recombinant CYP1As, and among microsomal samples, as well as assay accuracy, were examined and discussed. This ELISA can serve for more efficient utilization of fish CYP1A as a pollution biomarker, and also as a model for establishing competitive ELISAs aimed at quantification of many different microsomal P450 proteins.

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