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Bioaccumulation of trace metals in the copepod Calanoides acutus from the Weddell Sea (Antarctica): comparison of two-compartment and hyperbolic toxicokinetic models
Kahle, J.; Zauke, G.-P. (2002). Bioaccumulation of trace metals in the copepod Calanoides acutus from the Weddell Sea (Antarctica): comparison of two-compartment and hyperbolic toxicokinetic models. Aquat. Toxicol. 59(1-2): 115-135
In: Aquatic Toxicology. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0166-445X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Antarctic; Kinetics; Metals; Models; Monitoring; Toxicology; Zooplankton; PSW, Antarctic Ocean [Marine Regions]; PSW, Weddell Sea [Marine Regions]

Authors  Top 
  • Kahle, J.
  • Zauke, G.-P., correspondent

Abstract
    Bioaccumulation of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in the Antarctic calanoid copepod Calanoides acutus (Giesbrecht, 1902) was investigated during a cruise of RV `Polarstern' to the Weddell Sea. Main goals were to provide information on accumulation strategies of the organisms tested and to verify toxicokinetic models as a predictive tool. Except for Cd, the organisms accumulated metals upon exposure. It was possible to estimate significant model parameters of two-compartment and hyperbolic models. These models were successfully verified in a second toxicokinetic uptake study. The model verification was extended in a third uptake study with increasing external metal dosing. We found a linear increase of net uptake with external waterborne metal exposures up to 80 μg Pb l-1, with excellent predictions of the two-compartment model. For Co both models give reasonable predictions up to 20 μg Co l-1. Regarding Cu, Ni and Zn only hyperbolic model predictions were in good agreement with measured values up to 150 μg Cu l-1, 80 μg Ni l-1 and 290 μg Zn l-1. Due to a decrease of Cd body burden in the experiments, only the hyperbolic model was applicable, leading to reliable predictions up to 20 μg Cd l-1. These concentrations largely determine the range for which these models may serve as a predictive tool.

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