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A national strategy for dune conservation in the Netherlands
Janssen, M.PJ.M.; Salman, A.H.P.M. (1995). A national strategy for dune conservation in the Netherlands, in: Salman, A.H.P.M. et al. (Ed.) Coastal Management and Habitat Conservation: Proceedings of the 4th EUCC Congress, Marathon, Greece: Volume 1. pp. 215-230
In: Salman, A.H.P.M.; Berends, H.; Bonazountas, M. (Ed.) (1995). Coastal Management and Habitat Conservation: Proceedings of the 4th EUCC Congress, Marathon, Greece: Volume 1. EUCC: Leiden. ISBN 90-75502-02-8. VI, 502 pp., more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [35036]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Conservation; Dunes; Nature conservation; ANE, Netherlands [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Janssen, M.PJ.M.
  • Salman, A.H.P.M.

Abstract
    In 1992 the society for dune conservation in the Netherlands, Stichting Duinbehoud, launched an overall conservation and management scheme for the entire Dutch sand dune landscape, including 40,000 ha of Younger dunes1 and 35,000 ha of surrounding areas, beach plains, salt marshes, Older dunes2), This Dune Strategy (Janssen & Salman, 1992) has been developed within the framework of the national Nature Policy Plan, The Dune Strategy frames a nature conservation policy for the period until 2020, Long term conservation priorities have formed the basis for the designing of a future Target situation which is on the one hand based on historical data (a historical Reference situation has also been described) and a minimal human use scenario, The Dune Strategy outlines a development towards the Target situation by a combination of restricted human use and active conservation and rehabilitation measures, The realization of the' Strategy will enlarge the dune area of high natural value; while at the moment only 23% of the dune area is in a natural state, the Strategy aims at increasing this percentage up to 66% in 2020. The Strategy will be realized through various management models (Nature target types) and a series of nature restoration projects. Six Nature target types are drawn up which all have a particular combination of conservation aims, rehabilitation schemes and management tools: (1) Natural self-regulating dune landscapes, (2) Assisted natural dune landscapes, (3) Semi-natural dune landscapes, (4) Common pastures and sea village landscapes, (5) Dune estates and park forests and (6) Agrarian dune landscapes. For each geographical dune area the Strategy indicates the most important Nature target types (in percentages) as well as a number of nature restoration projects.(1) Younger dunes: dunes formed since 1000 (AD).(2) Older dunes: dunes formed before 1000, mainly between 5.000 and 2000 years ago.

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