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Experimental broodstock diets as partial fresh food substitutes in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei B.
Wouters, R.; Zambrano, B.; Espin, M.; Calderon, J.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (2002). Experimental broodstock diets as partial fresh food substitutes in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei B. Aquacult. Nutr. 8(4): 249-256. dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2095.2002.00213.x
In: Aquaculture Nutrition. Blackwell Science: Oxford. ISSN 1353-5773, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Wouters, R.; Zambrano, B.; Espin, M.; Calderon, J.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (2002). Experimental broodstock diets as partial fresh food substitutes in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei B., in: VLIZ Coll. Rep. 32(2002). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 32: pp. chapter 43, more

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Animal nutrition; Brood stocks; Diets; Eggs; Feed composition; Feeding experiments; Pellet feeds; Sexual reproduction; Shrimp culture; Sperm; Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    diets; maturation; nutrition; reproduction; shrimp

Authors  Top 
  • Wouters, R., correspondent
  • Zambrano, B.
  • Espin, M.
  • Calderon, J.
  • Lavens, P., more
  • Sorgeloos, P., more

Abstract
    In the first experiment, conducted in a research facility, Litopenaeus vannamei broodstock were fed either a 100% fresh food control treatment (FRE, consisting of frozen squid, oyster, mussel and enriched Artemia biomass in a 2.3:1.4:1.3:1 dry matter ratio) or one of the two treatments in which 50% [dry matter (DM)] of the fresh food was substituted with experimental artificial diets: a dry diet based on freeze-dried Artemia biomass (ART) and a control dry diet (CON). In the second experiment, conducted in a commercial hatchery, shrimp broodstock were fed either a fresh ration (FRE, consisting of frozen squid, polychaetes and enriched Artemia biomass in a 2.5:1.5:1 DM ratio) or the same experimental artificial diets (ART and CON) replacing 50% of the DM by elimination of polychaetes and Artemia biomass. In experiment 1 treatments CON and ART produced better results (P = 0.05) than treatment FRE in terms of spawn performance and egg production per female. In experiment 2 no differences were detected among treatments FRE and CON whereas treatment ART performed better (P = 0.05) in terms of spawning, egg production per female and spermatophore quality. Broodstock survival and offspring quality did not differ between treatments in either experiment.

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