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Gradation effects in sediment transport
De Meijer, R.J. (2002). Gradation effects in sediment transport. Coast. Eng. 47(2): 179-210.
In: Coastal Engineering: An International Journal for Coastal, Harbour and Offshore Engineers. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Lausanne; New York; Oxford; Shannon; Tokyo. ISSN 0378-3839, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Size gradation; Density gradation; Wave-flume experiments; Sediment transport rates; Bedload; Suspended sediment concentrations; Sediment characterisation; Heavy minerals; Natural radioactivity; Medusa

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  • De Meijer, R.J., more

    To determine the effects of grain size and density gradation in oscillatory sheet-flow, experiments are conducted in an oscillating water tunnel. A formal derivation of a schematised transport model shows that the transport rates per sediment fraction can be determined with and without the assumption of an active layer. A technique that measures sediment composition from natural occurring radionuclides is used to determine the transport rates without that assumption of an active layer. The measurements on total sediment transport rates and suspended sediment concentrations show that effects of gradation are present. The effects of size gradation are mainly in the increased transport rates of the coarse fraction with respect to the uniform coarse material and the availability at the bed under similar conditions. The experiments on density graded sediments indicate that total mass-transport rates are larger than the mass-transport rates of quartz material, whilst the transport rates of the quartz fraction show that this fraction is not hindered by the availability at the bed.

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