|Water constituents in the north-western Black Sea from optical remote sensing and in situ data|
Barale, V.; Cipollini, P.; Davidov, A.; Melin, F. (2002). Water constituents in the north-western Black Sea from optical remote sensing and in situ data. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 54(3): 309-320
In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0272-7714, more
Remote sensing; Surface water; Black Sea Plate [Marine Regions]; Marine
|Authors|| || Top |
- Barale, V., correspondent, more
- Cipollini, P.
- Davidov, A.
- Melin, F.
Satellite-based optical observations of surface waters have been used to assess the main environmental interactions in the north-western Black Sea, as a contribution to the EROS 21 project. Such observations allow evaluations of the presence and abundance of water constituents (primarily phytoplankton pigments), providing essential information on the processes which are taking place in the area and on their spatial and temporal scales. An analysis of ocean colour imagery was performed, using historical data collected by the CZCS (1978-1986), and by the MOS before, during and after the EROS 21 oceanographic cruise which took place in April/May 1997. The time series of CZCS-derived parameters (i.e. chlorophyll-like pigment concentration) originates from the archive generated by the OCEAN project. The MOS data were processed to apply sensor calibration, to correct for atmospheric contamination so as to assess water-leaving radiances for each visible channel, and to estimate geophysical parameters such as pigment concentration and in-water optical depth, which is correlated to suspended matter concentration. The atmospheric correction was performed with a novel algorithm developed especially for MOS application. The bio-optical algorithms used to derive in-water parameters were obtained by comparison with the concurrent in situ measurements of optically active parameters collected in the north-western Black Sea in the framework of the EROS 21 project. The multi-satellite data set highlights the differences between western and eastern sub-basins, inshore and offshore domains, northern and southern near-coastal areas. In the Danube delta area, the water constituents trace complex interactions of near-coastal and basin-wide features of the Black Sea.