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Benthic carbon mineralization in a high-Arctic sound (Young Sound, NE Greenland)
Glud, R.N.; Risgaard-Petersen, N.; Thamdrup, B.; Fossing, H.; Rysgaard, S. (2000). Benthic carbon mineralization in a high-Arctic sound (Young Sound, NE Greenland). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 206: 59-71
In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research: Oldendorf/Luhe. ISSN 0171-8630, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Glud, R.N., more
  • Risgaard-Petersen, N.
  • Thamdrup, B.
  • Fossing, H.
  • Rysgaard, S.

Abstract
    Benthic carbon mineralization was investigated along a depth transect across a sound in the high Arctic. Aerobic mineralization accounted for approximately 30% of the total degradation. Anaerobic degradation, responsible for the remaining 70%, was dominated by sulfate- and iron respiration, while denitrification and manganese respiration were of marginal importance. The total benthic degradation rate exhibited a rapidly attenuating exponential decline with increasing water depth. Permanent carbon burial accounted for approximately 50% of the total degradation rate, and was comparable to estimates from similar settings at lower latitudes. At the shallow stations, benthic infauna stimulated the benthic oxygen exchange by a factor of 1.5 to 3 relative to molecular diffusion. However, the estimated metabolic activity of the fauna itself accounted for <10% of total benthic degradation. From the rates of benthic degradation, permanent burial, pelagic primary production, and sedimentation of organic carbon, a budget for the pelagic-benthic coupling for outer Young Sound was established. Pelagic production accounted for only a minor fraction of the carbon required by the benthic community, and delta13C values suggested that terrestric carbon inputs were significant. However, the budget also indicated that additional sources of labile organic carbon (ice-algae, benthic microphytes and oceanic inputs) were important. During July, the time of the summer bloom, 36% of the sedimenting organic material was either degraded or buried. The remainder fueled the community respiration during the long, non-productive, winter.

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