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Changes in benthic community structure due to clam dredging on the Algarve coast and the importance of seasonal analysis
Alves, F.; Chícharo, A.; Nogueira, A.; Regala, J. (2003). Changes in benthic community structure due to clam dredging on the Algarve coast and the importance of seasonal analysis. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 83(4): 719-729
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Alves, F.
  • Chícharo, A.
  • Nogueira, A.
  • Regala, J.

Abstract
    Patterns in community structure of meiofauna and macrofauna in relation to Portuguese clam dredging were compared during a 2-y-period off Lagos and Vilamoura, south Portugal. SCUBA divers randomly sampled corer and quadrat samples before and immediately after simulating commercial dredge fishery. Univariate measures (abundance, number of taxa, evenness, diversity and biomass) and multivariate analyses (Cluster, MDS and SIMPER) revealed changes in the meio- and macro-benthic community structure caused by dredge disturbance (short-term effects), with a general decrease in all measures. Macrofauna were found to be more sensitive to dredge disturbance, and aggressive predatory behaviour was observed after disturbance in the continuously dredged area. Nevertheless, higher significant natural changes were found between seasonal periods, indicating that dredging may only cause a small-scale and short-term impact.

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