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Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Scottish Atlantic salmon farms, 1996-2001
Murray, A.G.; Busby, C.D.; Bruno, D.W. (2003). Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Scottish Atlantic salmon farms, 1996-2001. Emerging Infectious Diseases 9(4): 455-460
In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention: Atlanta, GA. ISSN 1080-6040, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Murray, A.G.
  • Busby, C.D.
  • Bruno, D.W.

Abstract
    The rapid growth of aquaculture has provided opportunities for the emergence of diseases. Programs designed to monitor these pathogens are useful for analysis of regional variation and trends, provided methods are standardized. Data from an official monitoring program were used to analyze the emergence of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in Scottish salmon farms from 1996 to 2001. An annual increase in the prevalence of this virus was found in saltwater (10%) and freshwater sites (2% to 3%), with a much faster increase (6.5%) in Shetland’s freshwater sites. No significant increase in the virus was detected in the marine farms of southern mainland Scotland. However, the virus had become very prevalent at marine sites and was almost ubiquitous in Shetland by 2001. The prevalence of this virus at marine sites may be underestimated. Because several diseases have emerged or are emerging in fish farming, aquaculture surveillance programs represent a rich potential source of data on emerging diseases.

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