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Genetics and asexual reproduction of the sea anemone Metridium senile
Hoffmann, R.J. (1976). Genetics and asexual reproduction of the sea anemone Metridium senile. Biol. Bull. 151(3): 478-488
In: Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory: Lancaster. ISSN 0006-3185, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Marine

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  • Hoffmann, R.J.

Abstract
    1. Metridium senile was studied for phosphohexose-isomerase variation at three locations on Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Woods Hole, Cape Cod Canal, and Barnstable Town Boat Harbor. 2. All three locations exhibited significant polymorphism for PHI. 3. Mapping of individual polyps was performed at Barnstable to analyze spatial distributions of clones and genotypes. 4. In Barnstable, PHI does not depart significantly from Hardy-Weinberg expectations at the time of establishment of new polyps, and establishment of larvae is spatially random with respect to PHI genotype. 5. Asexual reproduction was uses as a meausre of the relative success of different PHI genotypes. There are indications that not all genotypes are equally likely to produce large clones. 6. There is significant heterogeneity among the three locations with respect to PHI genotype frequencies, suggesting that there may be geographical differentiation of the populations. 7. Sessile, asexual organisms provide powerful tools for examining the dynamic aspects of genetic structure in natural populations.

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