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Ecological study on the gill parasites of Siganus sutor from the Indian Ocean
Coene, H.; Geets, A.; Ollevier, F.P. (1993). Ecological study on the gill parasites of Siganus sutor from the Indian Ocean. Belg. J. Zool. 123(Suppl. 1): 9
In: Belgian Journal of Zoology. Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Dierkunde = Société royale zoologique de Belgique: Gent. ISSN 0777-6276, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Coene, H.; Geets, A.; Ollevier, F.P. (1993). Ecological study on the gill parasites of Siganus sutor from the Indian Ocean, in: Chardon, M. et al. (Ed.) Third Belgian Congress of Zoology, 5-6 November 1993. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 123(Suppl. 1): pp. 9, more

Available in  Authors 
Document types: Conference paper; Summary

Keywords
    Parasites; Siganus sutor (Valenciennes, 1835) [WoRMS]; ISW, Kenyan Coast [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    gill parasite fauna

Authors  Top 
  • Coene, H.
  • Geets, A., more
  • Ollevier, F.P., more

Abstract
    A preliminary qualitative study on the gill parasite fauna has been carried out. It showed that six species of gill parasites occur on Siganus sutor of the Kenyan coastal area: the monogeneans Pseudohaliotrema sp., Tetrancistrum sigani and Microcotyle mouwoi, Copepoda Hatschekia sp. and Caligidae and the Isopod Gnathia sp. The microhabitat selection of the parasites within the host individuals has been investigated through their distribution on the gill arches, sectors and filaments. This study shows that the choice of microhabitat is species specific. Each species has its own specific distribution pattern on the gill arches of the host. Furthermore, it seems that the distribution on a gill arch is not at random. The monogeneans show a clear aggregation per filament. The results have been compared with the different hypotheses put forward in literature on microhabitat selection and niche restriction. The nature of the distribution of parasites within the host population has been questioned. Prevalence, mean intensity and abundance of the metapopulation of gill parasites have been compared between two adult populations of siganids and between an adult and juvenile subpopulation. Similarity in prevalence and mean intensity of infection with gill parasites was shown for the two adult siganid-populations. The comparison between the adult and juvenile siganids concerning their parasite fauna has drawn the attention on the dynamical characteristics of the parasite-host system. Here, distinct differences in prevalence and mean intensity were observed. The frequency distribution of the parasite populations was compared with mathematical distribution models. Most parasites showed an aggregated distribution which was best described by the negative binomal model.

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