|A fine-structural study of embryonic and larval development in the gymnoblastic hydroid Pennaria tiarella|
Martin, V.J.; Thomas, M.B. (1977). A fine-structural study of embryonic and larval development in the gymnoblastic hydroid Pennaria tiarella. Biol. Bull. 153(1): 198-218
In: Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory: Lancaster, Pa. etc.. ISSN 0006-3185, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Martin, V.J.
- Thomas, M.B.
1. The pregastrulation blastomers contain electron-dense granules which become localized after gastrulation in the apices of the developing epithelio-muscle cells and persist throughout larval development. The cytoplasm of the blastomeres is organized into anucleate, membrane-delimited lobules. The lobules, which persist until six hours of development, come to contain a single, peripherally located cisterna of granular endoplasmic reticulum. Microvilli are present at the earliest stages examined and persist throughout development. Cilia are first detected at four hours. 2. Gastrulation, marked by the appearance of the mesoglea, occurs between six and eight hours of development. Basal foot processes of epithelio-muscle cells are detected by eight hours, but myonemes cannot be detected until later in development. 3. Immediately following gastrulation, mucous cells begin their differentiation from dividing cells located near the apex of the ectoderm. During their differentiation, the cells elongate toward the mesoglea. 4. By 16 hours post-fertilization, a third cell type can be detected in the ectoderm. The cell, which contains no granules, has an unusual cytoplasmic organization in which fused membranes divide the cytoplasm into parallel compartments containing a single cisterna of granular endoplasmic reticulum. 5. The findings of the present study are correlated with those of previous studies of development in Pennaria and other hydroids. The possible functional roles of the Type I granules, the cytoplasmic lobules, and the nongranular cell are discussed.