|Characterization and solubilization of the FMRFamide receptor of squid|
Chin, G.J.; Payza, K.; Price, D.A.; Greenberg, M.J.; Doble, K.E. (1994). Characterization and solubilization of the FMRFamide receptor of squid. Biol. Bull. 187(2): 185-199
In: Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory: Lancaster, Pa. etc.. ISSN 0006-3185, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Chin, G.J.
- Payza, K.
- Price, D.A.
- Greenberg, M.J.
- Doble, K.E.
The optic lobe of squid (Loligo pealei) contains FMRFamide receptors that can bind an iodinated FMRFamide analog: [125I]-desaminoTyr-Phe- norLeu-Arg-Phe-amide ([125I]-daYFnLRFa). Radioligand binding assays revealed that squid FMRFamide receptors are specific, saturable, high affinity sites (Kd = 0.15 nM) densely concentrated in optic lobe membranes (Bmax = 237 fmole/mg protein). The receptors appeared to be coupled to Gs because guanine nucleotides inhibit receptor binding and the stimulation of adenylate cyclase by FMRFamide is GTP-dependent. Both the binding and cyclase data showed that FMRFamide, but not FMRF-OH, interacts at FMRFamide receptors; thus the C-terminal Arg-Phe-amide is critical for binding. The high binding affinity of FMRFamide (0.4 nM IC50) was specific for FMRFamide-like peptides. The structure-activity relations of many FMRFamide analogs were defined in detail and were nearly identical for both the membrane-bound and detergent-solubilized receptors. We also found that squid optic lobe contains FMRFamide-like reactivity as measured with both a radioimmunoassay and a radioreceptor assay. Moreover, we have sequenced a fragment of genomic DNA that encodes a FMRFamide precursor. Our findings in sum suggest that FMRFamide is a neurotransmitter in squid optic lobe, and that this tissue is a good source from which to purify FMRFamide receptors.