|Simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopheryl acetate and tocopherols in aquatic organisms and fish feed|
|Huo, J.-Z.; Nelis, H.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P.; De Leenheer, A.P. (1999). Simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopheryl acetate and tocopherols in aquatic organisms and fish feed. J. Chromatogr. B(724): 249-255|
|In: Journal of Chromatography A. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0021-9673, more|
|Also published as |
- Huo, J.-Z.; Nelis, H.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P.; De Leenheer, A.P. (1999). Simultaneous determination of alpha-tocopheryl acetate and tocopherols in aquatic organisms and fish feed, in: (1999). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 29(1999). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 29: pp. chapter 20 [Subsequent publication], more
Vitamin E; Vitamins; Marine
In aquaculture, alpha-tocopheryl acetate (alpha-TA) is the main source of vitamin E used to fortify fish feed. Alpha-TA in fish is often determined indirectly, i.e. by alkaline hydrolysis, followed by quantitation of ‘total alpha-tocopherol’ (alpha-T) and substraction of the natively present alpha-T. The aim of this study was to develop an HPLC method for the simultaneous quantitative determination of alpha-TA and free tocopherols in aquatic organisms and fish feed. The assay consists of a simple extraction with methanol containing butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) as an antioxidant, followed by reversed-phase chromatography with consecutive UV and fluorescence detection of alpha-TA and tocopherols, respectively. The peak of the internal standard tocol in the fluorescence trace was used for quantitation. Linearity was achieved over the range of 0.2 to 4.2 µg alpha-TA per ml extract of Artemia nauplii, which would correspond to 30.7 to 614.4 µg/g dry mass. The within-run coefficient of variation was 1.9% at a level of 310 µg/g dry mass. The recovery of alpha-TA ranged from 97.7 to 100.8% (concentration=2.1 and 20.5 µg/ml, n=6). The detection limit was about 7 ng and the quantification limit on spiked samples was 0.2 µg/ml. This method was routinely applied to determine alpha-TA and alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocopherol (alpha-T, gamma-T, delta-T) simultaneously in Artemia , fish feed, shrimp eggs and various other aquatic organisms.