|Calcium speciation and exchange between blood and extrapallial fluid of the quahog Mercenaria mercenaria (L.)|
Nair, P.S.; Robinson, W.E. (1998). Calcium speciation and exchange between blood and extrapallial fluid of the quahog Mercenaria mercenaria (L.). Biol. Bull. 195(1): 43-51
In: Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory: Lancaster, Pa. etc.. ISSN 0006-3185, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Nair, P.S.
- Robinson, W.E.
Calcium and small organic molecules (e.g., tyrosine, MW 181 Da) introduced into the extrapallial fluid (EPF) of the quahog Mercenaria mercenaria exhibit rapid fluxes across the outer mantle epithelium and are distributed throughout the circulatory system within 3 h. Larger molecules (e.g., bovine serum albumin, MW 66,000 Da) are less readily exchanged between EPF and blood. The protein compositions of blood plasma and EPF are different, with at least seven protein bands expressed more prominently in the EPF. Equilibrium dialysis experiments reveal that Ca2+ constitutes only 2% of the total Ca in plasma; most of the Ca (85%) is bound to macromolecules, and the remaining 13% is present as dialyzable low molecular weight moieties. This distribution cannot be explained by speciation of inorganic Ca alone, since the MINTEQA2 equilibrium speciation model predicts that 79%-86% of the Ca should be present as Ca2+, with the remainder as CaSO4 (20%-13%). However, inclusion of a weakly Ca-binding organic molecule (log10 Ka approximately 2 M-1) into MINTEQA2 could fully reconcile modeling with experimental measurements. Results suggest that calcium transport in blood plasma and EPF is mediated by a suite of proteins and small organic ligands with a low affinity for Ca.