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An endogenous SCP-related peptide modulates ciliary beating in the gills of a venerid clam, Mercenaria mercenaria
Gainey Jr, L.F.; Vining, K.J.; Doble, K.E.; Waldo, J.M.; Candelario-Martinez, A.; Greenberg, M.J. (1999). An endogenous SCP-related peptide modulates ciliary beating in the gills of a venerid clam, Mercenaria mercenaria. Biol. Bull. 197(2): 159-173
In: Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory: Lancaster. ISSN 0006-3185, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gainey Jr, L.F.
  • Vining, K.J.
  • Doble, K.E.
  • Waldo, J.M.
  • Candelario-Martinez, A.
  • Greenberg, M.J.

Abstract
    The activities of both the lateral and frontal cilia of Mercenaria mercenaria were unaffected, either by the two endogenous SCP-related peptides AMSFYFPRMamide and YFAFPRQamide, or by FMRFamide (all at 10(-6) M). Dopamine (DA) inhibited the lateral cilia; the mean EC50 was 2 x 10(-6) M. The peptide YFAFPRQamide--but neither AMSFYFPRMamide nor FMRFamide--antagonized the inhibition induced by DA; this effect was dependent on both time and dose. At a DA concentration of 5 x 10(-7) M, the effect of YFAFPRQamide appeared within 20 min and became maximal within 40-60 min; the mean EC50 at these times was 4.7 x 10(-11) M. If the concentration of DA was increased to 10(-6) M, the maximal effect of the peptide was delayed to 50 min, and the mean EC50 increased to 1.1 x 10(-7) M. Particle transport by the frontal cilia was inhibited by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT); the mean EC50 was 5.7 x 10(-7) M. Again, only YFAFPRQamide had an antagonistic effect on the 5HT-induced inhibition. At a 5HT concentration of 10(-6) M, the effects of YFAFPRQamide did not appear until 45 min; the mean EC50 was 10(-6) M. When radioimmunoassayed with an SCP antiserum, the elution profile of a gill extract overlapped those of the SCP-related peptides that had previously been identified in extracts of whole animals. These data suggest that all three SCP analogs occur in the gill. Immunohistochemistry of the gill, carried out with a monoclonal antibody raised to SCPB, stained many varicose neuronal fibers. Most of these were associated with the gill musculature, but a sparse innervation of the filaments underlying the cilia was also observed. Some fluorescent nerve cell bodies were also seen in the gill tissue. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that YFAFPRQamide modulates branchial activities--muscular as well as ciliary--that are associated with feeding.

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