|Ennore breakwater construction|
Bijen, H. (2000). Ennore breakwater construction. Terra et Aqua 79: 9-15
In: Terra et Aqua: International Journal on Public Works, Ports and Waterways Developments. International Association of Dredging Companies (IADC): The Hague. ISSN 0376-6411, more
The eastern coast of India is subject to storms and cyclones during the monsoon, and the littoral drift creates a sand transport along the coast. Construction of a new harbour on this coast, known as the Ennore Coal Port, required the construction of two new breakwaters to protect the future coal harbour and incoming ships from waves and sedimentation problems. Because the soil there was determined to be insufficient to support such breakwaters, additional dredging and backfilling were needed and a new method of compaction was developed.