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Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic: 3. Waders to gulls
Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Brooks, D.C.; Collar, N.J.; Dunn, E.; Gillmor, R.; Hollom, P.A.D.; Hudson, R.; Nicholson, E.M.; Ogilvie, M.A.; Olney, P.J.S.; Roselaar, C.S.; Voous, K.H.; Wallace, D.I.M.; Wattel, J.; Wilson, M.G. (1983). Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The birds of the Western Palearctic: 3. Waders to gulls. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 0-19-857506-8. 913 pp.

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Aves AVE.38 [4894]
Document type: Review

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Cramp, S., editor
  • Simmons, K.E.L.
  • Brooks, D.C.
  • Collar, N.J.
  • Dunn, E.
  • Gillmor, R.
  • Hollom, P.A.D.
  • Hudson, R.
  • Nicholson, E.M.
  • Ogilvie, M.A.
  • Olney, P.J.S.
  • Roselaar, C.S.
  • Voous, K.H.
  • Wallace, D.I.M.
  • Wattel, J.
  • Wilson, M.G.

Abstract
    This entirely new and authoritative work of reference has been planned to take account of the great advances that have been made in ornithological knowledge since the publication of the Handbook of British Birds (1938-41), which for many years provided the basis on which ornithological research in the U.K. was built. Ornithologists now work on a wider geographical basis, and this new Handbook covers the whole of the Western Palearctic, which includes all Europe together with the Middle East to Turkey, Iraq, and Jordan, and Africa south to about 19°N. The seven volumes, of which this is the third, will contain: 1) Descriptions of over 740 species of birds occurring in the Western Palearctic, of which about 600 are breeding species. Each breeding species will be described in full, with entries averaging about six pages of text and sections on field characters, habitat, distribution, mortality and longevity, and population (with maps showing the breeding and wintering areas), social pattern and behaviour, breeding, food, voice, plumages, moults, measurements, weights, structure, and geographical variation. Regular migration and accidental species are treated under these headings where relevant. This volume contains descriptions of 112 species. 2) Illustrations of each species in the form of specially commissioned colour plates, showing the full range of normal plumage together with more distant flight views. The artists for this volume are Norman Arlott, Dr P.J.K. Burton, N.W. Cusa, Robert Gillmor, and D.I.M. Wallace. 3) Colour plates of eggs, black-and-white illustrations, and many text-figures showing such features as display postures, voice sonograms and melograms, and annual cycles. 4) A bibliography and indexes in each volume.

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