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Biscayne Bay: environmental history and annotated bibliography [CD-ROM]
Cantillo, A.Y.; Hale, K.; Collins, E.; Pikula, L.; Caballero, R. (2000). Biscayne Bay: environmental history and annotated bibliography [CD-ROM]. NOAA Technical Memorandum, 145. NOAA. National Ocean Service. National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science: Silver Spring. 1 cd-rom pp.
Part of: NOAA Technical Memorandum. US Department of Commerce. NOAA. National Marine Fisheries Service. Southeast Fisheries Center, more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Multimedia 4962
Document types: Bibliography; Review


Authors  Top 
  • Cantillo, A.Y.
  • Hale, K.
  • Collins, E.
  • Pikula, L., more
  • Caballero, R.

    Biscayne Bay is located along the southeast coast of the state of Florida. It is surrounded on the north by urban Dade County which includes Miami and Miami Beach, and on the south by the Homestead area, sparsely inhabited until recently, and the northern Florida Keys. Prior to the 1920s, major changes to the Biscayne Bay ecosystem were caused only by climatic events. Since then, human actions have also been the cause of major alterations. During the 1920s, there were disruptions from construction of artificial islands, bulkheading, dredging of channels and construction of cuts. Construction activities slowed considerably after 1930. Bacterial pollution due to untreated sewage discharge began during the 1920s and reached maximum levels during the 1950s. Changes to the sewer system reduced bacterial contamination after 1956. Turbidity in the water column was identified as a major problem during the 1980s and abatement measures began at that time. Environmental degradation of the Bay has slowed although areas of concern remain.

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