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Contribution of resuspended microphytobenthos to total phytoplankton in the Ems estuary and its possible role for grazers
De Jonge, V.N.; van Beusekom, J.E.E. (1992). Contribution of resuspended microphytobenthos to total phytoplankton in the Ems estuary and its possible role for grazers, in: Heip, C.H.R. et al. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 26th European Marine Biology Symposium: Biological Effects of Disturbances on Estuarine and Coastal Marine Environments, 17-21 September 1991, Yerseke, The Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30: pp. 91-105
In: Heip, C.H.R.; Nienhuis, P.H.; Pollen-Lindeboom, P.R. (Ed.) (1992). Proceedings of the 26th European Marine Biology Symposium: Biological Effects of Disturbances on Estuarine and Coastal Marine Environments, 17-21 September 1991, Yerseke, The Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Texel. 299 pp., more
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • De Jonge, V.N.; van Beusekom, J.E.E. (1992). Contribution of resuspended microphytobenthos to total phytoplankton in the Ems estuary and its possible role for grazers. Neth. J. Sea Res. 30: 91-105, more

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • De Jonge, V.N., more
  • van Beusekom, J.E.E., more

Abstract
    Data are presented on the amounts of chlorophyll a from microphytobenthos (mainly benthic diatoms) and phytoplankton in lower, middle and upper reaches (Dollard) of the Ems estuary (The Netherlands/ Federal Republic of Germany). The data are used to estimate the contribution of suspended microphytobenthos to the total phytoplankton biomass in the main channels of the different reaches. This calculation is based on a relation between 'effective wind speed' and the resuspended fraction of the total microphytobenthos. The total amount of chlorophyll a from vital algae in the water column and in the top 0.5 cm of the sediments in the lower reaches of the estuary (18·103 kg) is twice the amount in the Dollard (8·103 kg). For the entire estuary, the amount of chlorophyll a derived from microphytobenthos present in the top 0.5 cm of the sediments and in the water column (15·103 kg) is significantly greater than the amount from real phytoplankton (10·103 kg). In the lower reaches of the Ems estuary suspended microphytobenthos makes up ~22% of the total phytoplankton; for the Dollard, it is ~60%. Over 30% of the total chlorophyll a in the water column of the entire estuary consists of suspended microphytobenthos. Therefore, it may be an important food source for grazing calanoid copepods in the main channels during spring when relatively little food is available and the contribution of suspended microphytobenthos equals the amount of phytoplankton sensu stricto. On an annual basis, the resuspended microphytobenthos in the water above the tidal flats makes up half the food available to filter feeders living on these tidal flats.

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